This year is the 80th Anniversary of Kristallnacht,  a nationwide assault on the Jews throughout Germany and Austria, and a turning point in Nazi Germany’s persecution of the Jews.

Kristallnacht also referred to as the night of broken glass, because of the shards of glass from smashed Jewish premises, took place on the night of 9 to 10 November, 1938.

Manfred “Manny” Klepper was 6 years old when he watched his home get destroyed and saw people get killed right before his eyes.

91 Jews were murdered, 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps. Jewish homes, hospitals and schools were ransacked and 7,000 Jewish businesses were destroyed or damaged. 267 synagogues were destroyed.

Here is his story: